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головна сторінка > Теорія > Англійська мова > Дієслово > § 7

§ 7. Дієслова to do, to be, to have

Дієслово to do

ДопоміжнеЗмістовеПідсилювальне
Do you speak English?

They don't know German.

They will do their work tonight.

I haven't done it.

Do write to me.

He did understand this rule.

Уживання змістового дієслова to do

СтверджувальнаПитальнаЗаперечна
Present
I (you, we, they) do.Do I (you, we, they) do?I (you, we, they) don't do.
He (she, it) does. Does he (she, it) do?He (she, it) doesn't do.
Past
I (you, he, she, it, we, they) did.Did I (you, he, she, it, we, they) do?I (you, he, she, it, we, they) didn't do.

Дієслово to be

ДопоміжнеДієслово-зв'язкаЗмістовеМодальне
He is writing a letter.
She was invited to the party.
He is a pupil.They are in London.You are to come at 5 p.m.

Уживання змістового дієслова to be

СтверджувальнаПитальнаЗаперечна
Present
I am.Am I?I am not.
You (we, they) are.Are you (we, they)?You (we, they) are not.
He (she, it) is.Is he (she, it)?He (she, it) is not.
Past
I (he, she, it) was.Was I (he, she, it)?I (he, she, it) was not.
You (we, they) were.Were you (we, they)?You (we, they) were not.

Дієслово to have

ДопоміжнеЗмістовеФразеологічнеМодальне
He has returned from Oxford.
She had been working here before she left.
He has a house.
I have got a sister.
We have breakfast at 8 a.m.They have to go to the library.
We had to help him.

Уживання змістового дієслова to have

СтверджувальнаПитальнаЗаперечна
Present
I (you, we, they) have.Do I (you, we, they) have?I (you, we, they) don't have.
He (she, it) has.Does he (she, it) have?He (she, it) doesn't have.
Past
I (you, he, she, it, we, they) had.Did I (you, he, she, it, we, they) have?I (you, he, she, it, we, they) didn't have.

Уживання змістового дієслова to have got

СтверджувальнаПитальнаЗаперечна
Present
I (you, we, they) have got.Have I (you, we, they) got?I (you, we, they) haven't got.
He (she, it) has got.Has he (she, it) got?He (she, it) hasn't got.

Дивіться також:

  • Пряма і непряма мова (Direct and Indirect Speech)
  • Дієслово ought
  • Пасивний стан (The Passive Voice)
  • Дієслово need
  • Тривалі часи (Continuous Tenses)
  • Дієслово may (might)
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