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§ 1. Geographical Position of Canada /

Canada is situated in the northern part of the North American continent. It is the worlds second largest country. Canada borders on the United States in the South. The country is divided into ten provinces and two territories.

Canada, bounded by the Pacific and Atlantic Oceans, Alaska, Greenland, and the USA, possesses a diverse landscape, ranging from the Arctic tundra of the north to the great wheatlands of the central area. Westward are the Rocky Mountains, and in the southeast the Great Lakes, the St. Lawrence River and Niagara Falls.

Canada offers a huge range of places of interest, from large cosmopolitan cities such as Montreal and Toronto in the south to isolated Inuit (Eskimo) settlements around the frozen shores of Hudson Bay.

The largest rivers are the Nelson, the Ottawa, the Mackenzie, the Yukon and the St. Lawrence River. The largest lakes are the Great Bear Lake and the Great Slave Lake. Canada has nearly 15 per cent of the world s fresh water surface.

Niagara Falls, on the Niagara River between the Lake Eri and the Lake Ontario, are one of the most splendid sights in the world.

The Pacific and Atlantic seaboards and the thousands of lakes and rivers of the interior provide superb watersports and fishing.

The Canadian north remains one of the least settled and least exploited parts of the world.

About two per cent of the Canadian territory is covered by glacier ice.

Only about eight per cent of Canada's total land is farmland.

The hundreds of miles of coastline offer varied seafood, and the central plains provide first-class beef and agricultural produce.

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